Essential-C Day Moisture Broad Spectrum / SPF 30 PA+++ creates a powerful shield to help protect skin form UVA/UVB rays and free radical damage while improving skin’s moisture barrier. Next generation vitamin C and a patented Skin Repair System improve skin clarity, firmness, and elasticity. Ectoin and phospholipids increase and preserve hydration for healthier-looking skin. Broad spectrum sunscreens help shield skin while antioxidants neutralize free radicals. Essential-C Day Moisture is recommended as the Step 3 moisturizer in any Murad Environmental Shield regimen. It helps protect environmentally stressed skin from free radical and sun damage as part of Dr. Murad’s Inclusive Health system of care. Dermatologist developed. Tested on people, not animals. Formulated without sulfates and phthalates.